The University of Michigan Biological Station (UMBS) was founded in 1909.
Wintertime wet and dry deposition in northern Michigan
|Wintertime wet and dry deposition in northern Michigan
|Year of Publication
|Cadle SH, Dasch JMuhlbaier, Kopple RJVande
Wet and dry deposition were monitored at the University of Michigan Biological Station in rural northern Michigan for three winters. Dry deposition was measured by both the conventional bucket methods and by measuring increases in concentration in exposed, elevated snow samples. Average results of the two methods were in reasonable agreement. The cumulative wet and dry deposition quantities are in good agreement with snowpack accumulations until the first thaw period. Dry deposition to snow accounts for less than 15% of the total H+, SO4-2, NO3-, and NH4+ and approximately 25% of the Ca+2, Mg+2, Na+, K+ and Cl- during an average precipitation year. Snowpack measurements were also made under deciduous and red pine canopies. Decreases in H+ and NO3- were observed under the red pine canopy.